How Can I Avoid yeast Infections?
Yeast infection is a type of vaginitis caused by an overgrowth of yeast/ fungus known as Candida albicans. Yeast infection is a common vaginal infection and many women experience at some point in their lives.
Who is at Risk for Yeast Infections?
Yeast is found in small amounts in the vagina, as well as in the mouth and digestive tract. Women of all ages are susceptible to yeast infections.
When the delicate balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina is disturbed, it can lead to an overgrowth of yeast, resulting in a yeast infection.
What Causes the Imbalance?
Several things can cause imbalance, certain risk factors are as following
- Taking antibiotics
- Lack of sleep
- Hormonal imbalance that is near the menstrual cycle
- Taking hormonal therapy or oral contraceptives
- Poor eating habits, especially when consuming too many sugary foods
- Diabetes that is not under control
- Weakened immune system
- Wearing pants too tight
Signs and Symptoms of Yeast Infections
The signs and symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection can range from mild to more severe. They include the following:
- Burning sensation, especially while urinating or during sexual intercourse
- Itching and irritation in the vagina and vulva
- Redness and swelling of the vulva
- Thick white/ greyish vaginal discharge that resembles cottage cheese
- Vaginal rash
- Vaginal pain and soreness
- Watery discharge from the vagina
How to Avoid Yeast Infections
The good news is that you can do things to avoid getting a yeast infection. Here are four tips for how to avoid yeast infections.
- Wear Cotton Underwear and Loose-Fitting Clothes
Tight-fitting clothes trap moisture and heat, leading to an overgrowth of yeast. Cotton underwear allows air to circulate and helps keep you dry.
- Avoid Scented Products
Scented tampons, pads, sprays, and soaps can all irritate the vagina and lead to an infection.
- Change Out of Wet Clothes
Change out of wet clothes soon after swimming or working out. Again, this prevents yeast from having a chance to grow in a warm, moist environment.
- Practice Good Hygiene Without Overdoing It
Wipe from front to back after using the bathroom.
When you bathe, be sure to dry yourself thoroughly before getting dressed. And don’t forget to cleanse your vaginal area with mild soap and water daily as part of your regular hygiene routine!
For complicated yeast infection, the doctor may give the following treatment options:
- Prescription antifungal cream, ointment, suppositories or tablets that last up to 14 days
- Multi-dose oral medication
- Maintenance plan for recurrent yeast infections. (This type of treatment typically lasts longer than 14 days and may require oral medication taken once per week for six months or a vaginal suppository taken once a week)
Say Goodbye to Yeast Infections
DR VANDANA BINWAL
Senior Consultant, Obstetrics and Gynecology
Swastik Hospital and Research Centre, Jaipur
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